Bipolar disorder, also referred to as maniac-depressive disorder, occurs when individuals experience recurring episodes of unusual, often extreme and fluctuating changes in mood, energy, activity, and concentration. These are some of the symptoms of Bipolar Disorder:
Symptoms of a Manic Episode:
Feeling elated, jumpy, active, or irritable
Talking fast about a lot of different things
Excessive appetite for food, drinking, sex, other pleasurable activities
Feeling like you are unusually important, powerful
Symptoms of a Depressive Episode:
Feeling very sad, anxious, restless
Talking very slowly
Forgetting a lot
Feeling hopeless or worthless, thinking about death, suicide
Some of the causes of Biploar Disorder are:
Genes: can be inherited by family members
Brain Structure and Function: different brain structure than ones with no psychiatric disorders
Various types of Bipolar Disorder are:
Bipolar I Disorder: It includes severe manic symptoms which makes hospital care absolutely essential. Along with manic symptoms, episodes of mood disturbances mixed with depression are also common.
Bipolar II Disorder: This type includes a pattern of depressive and hypomanic episodes
Cyclothymic Disorder: A mild form of Bipolar disorder which includes persistent, hypomanic and depressive symptoms that do not last very long.
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