Postpartum Blues

Postpartum period is the period that is associated with intense physical and emotional changes leading to anxiety and mood disturbances. There are three degrees of postpartum mood disorders, i.e., “baby blues”, postpartum depression (PPD), and postpartum psychosis. Postpartum blues (PPB), otherwise “baby blues,” are comparatively milder in nature and are the most common one. It generally begins 1 to 3 days after parturition and is distinguished by:

  • Sudden mood swings
  • Unexplained weeping
  • Irritability
  • Impatience
  • Lack of sleep
  • Crying spells
  • Anxiety
  • Loneliness
  • A feeling of vulnerability.

About 60–80% of all new mothers suffer from the PPB which rarely requires medication and normally subsides with support and education. It is significant to carry out the follow-up, because up to 20% of these mothers are likely to progress to PPD which may have an adverse consequence on children’s cognitive growth. The exact cause of PPB is not known, but there are various factors which contribute to it. Such as:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Sociocultural factors
  • Economic conditions
  • Relationship conflicts

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